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By Abdullah Al-Arian

whilst innovative hero Gamal Abdel Nasser dismantled and suppressed Egypt's biggest social move association throughout the Nineteen Fifties, few can have imagined that the Muslim Brotherhood wouldn't simply reemerge, yet may well at some point compete for the presidency within the nation's first ever democratic election. whereas there's no scarcity of analyses of the Muslim Brotherhood's fresh political successes and screw ups, no research has investigated the organization's victorious go back from the dustbin of history.

Answering the decision examines the potential wherein the Muslim Brotherhood used to be reconstituted in the course of Anwar al-Sadat's presidency. via research of structural, ideological, and social advancements in this interval within the background of the Islamic stream, a extra exact photo of the so-called "Islamic resurgence" develops-one that represents the rebirth of an previous inspiration in a brand new setting.

The Muslim Brotherhood's good fortune in rebuilding its association rested largely on its skill to draw a brand new new release of Islamic activists that had come to rework Egypt's faculties and universities right into a hub for spiritual competition opposed to the nation. Led through teams equivalent to al-Gama'ah al-Islamiyyah (The Islamic Society), the coed move exhibited a dynamic and colourful tradition of activism that came upon idea in a mess of highbrow and organizational resources, of which the Muslim Brotherhood was once in basic terms one.

By the shut of the Seventies, even though, inner divisions over ideology and approach ended in the increase of factionalism in the scholar circulate. A majority of scholar leaders opted to extend the scope in their activist undertaking via becoming a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, rejuvenating the suffering association, and launching a brand new part in its history.

Answering the decision is an unique research of the background of this dynamic and colourful interval of recent Egyptian background, giving readers a clean realizing of 1 of Egypt's so much pivotal eras.

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