Download Vikings and Goths: A History of Ancient and Medieval Sweden by Gary Dean Peterson PDF

By Gary Dean Peterson

The Vikings descended upon Europe on the shut of the eighth century, invading the continent’s western seas and river structures, buying and selling, raiding and spreading terror. within the north, they settled Iceland and Greenland and reached North the US. within the east, Swedish Varangians confirmed a river highway to the Orient. With the cave in of the Viking advertisement empire, Sweden and the opposite Scandinavian international locations struggled to outlive, their hardships exacerbated through inner strife, overseas domination and the Black Death.
This e-book info the improvement of Scandinavia—Sweden in particular—from the top of the Ice Age, via a chain of prehistoric cultures, the Bronze and Iron a while, to the Viking interval and past due heart a while. fresh learn indicates a Swedish foundation of the Goths, who helped dismember the Roman Empire, and facts of Swedish participation within the western Viking expeditions. distinct awareness is given to jap Europe, the place Sweden ruled trade throughout the conquest of exchange cities and the river platforms of Russia.

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Download Die Bedeutung der Perserkriege für den Aufstieg Athens by Heidi Döring PDF

By Heidi Döring

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, notice: 1,0, Technische Universität Dresden (Institut für Alte Geschichte), Sprache: Deutsch, summary: In der vorliegenden Arbeit soll die Bedeutung der Perserkriege für die politische Entwicklung Athens bzw. dessen Aufstiegs dargestellt werden. Dabei soll jederzeit auch ein Blick auf innere Probleme der Stadt und die dadurch hervorgerufenen Beziehungen zu anderen griechischen Städten geworfen werden. Inhaltlich ist die Arbeit in drei große Abschnitte geteilt. Der erste Teil beschäftigt sich mit dem Zeitraum von dem Beginn der Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Griechen und Persern Anfang des five. Jahrhunderts v. Chr., additionally dem Ionischen Aufstand, bis zu dessen Niederschlagung. Dabei wird explizit auf Athens Rolle eingegangen. Anschließend wird auf die Entwicklung Athens in der Zeit zwischen dem Ende des Ionischen Aufstandes und dem erneuten Beginn der Auseinandersetzungen unter genauerer Betrachtung der innenpolitischen Geschehnisse, die unter anderem die Politik des Themistokles mit einschließen, eingegangen. Als zusätzliche details soll das Bild, welches sich die Griechen von den Persern gemacht hatten, betrachtet werden. Der dritte und letzte Teil befasst sich mit dem weiteren Verlauf der Auseinandersetzungen mit den Persern bis zur entscheidenden Schlacht bei Salamis. Schwerpunkte in dem Themenabschnitt sind der Verlauf des Perserkrieges und die Begründung des Sieges der Griechen anhand ihrer Vorbereitungen auf wirtschaftlicher, ökonomischer und politischer Ebene. Da der Umfang der Arbeit begrenzt ist, kann kein Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit erhoben werden – es wurden lediglich die scheinbar wichtigsten Ergebnisse und Vorgänge ausgewählt.

Es wird versucht, ein großes Spektrum an Sekundärliteratur für die Arbeit zu verwenden, um einen inhaltlich richtigen und tiefergehenden Schwerpunkt der einzelnen Themen herauszuarbeiten. Primer wird sich im Bereich der Sekundärliteratur auf Werke der Autoren Charlotte Schubert, Bengtson, Wolfgang Schuller und Stahl bezogen. Die Primärliteratur bilden in dieser Arbeit die Bücher des Herodot über die Perserkriege und die Biografie über Themistokles von Plutarch. Ergänzend hinzugezogenen wurden auch die Athenaion Politeia des Aristoteles und das literarische Drama des Aischylos. Da die Geschichtsschreibung der Perser bis auf wenige Ausnahmen praktisch keine Auskunft über das five. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. gibt, muss deswegen auf die Verwendung solcher Quellen verzichtet werden.

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Download Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection, Vol. 2: 002 by E. A. Wallis Budge PDF

By E. A. Wallis Budge

Volume 2 of the main accomplished, scholarly paintings on Osiris. comprises translations of diverse texts, reproductions of classical Egyptian art—iconography, the Heaven of Osiris, liturgy, shrines and mysteries, funeral and burial practices, human sacrifice, pass judgement on of the lifeless, hyperlinks among Osiris worship and African religions, a lot more..

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Download I, the Sun by Janet Morris PDF

By Janet Morris

Suppiluliumas I and the Amarna pharaohs: Biographical novel of the best Hittite king. From palace coups within the misplaced urban of Hattusas to treachery within the Egyptian court docket of Tutankhamun, I, the solar, the saga of the Hittite King Suppiluliumas, jewelry with authenticity and the fervour of an international that existed fourteen hundred years earlier than the beginning of Christ. They known as him nice King, favourite of the typhoon God, the Valiant. He conquered greater than 40 international locations and taken worry and struggle to the very doorstep of Eighteenth Dynasty Egypt, yet he couldn't triumph over the only girl he actually enjoyed.

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From the annals of the traditional Hittite king, Suppiluliumas, from the Amarna Letters of Egypt and the court docket documents of a wealth of "lost" civilizations, comes this saga of kingship and greatness, love and demise, politics and treachery within the moment millennium, BCE.

     Beyond a couple of cursory references to the Hittites within the Bible, for millions of years not anything has been recognized of this primary strong Indo-European tradition. Now, in keeping with translations of the traditional texts themselves, comes the tale of Suppiluliumas, nice King, favourite of the typhoon God, King of Hatti, who via his personal count number fathered forty-four kings and conquered as many countries, who introduced even effective Egypt to her knees. Tutankhamen's widow despatched him an pressing letter begging for a son of his to make her husband. The earliest Hebrews knew him as their protector. the full Mediterranean global respected and feared him.
     But even if he conquered armies, international locations, or even international gods, he couldn't overcome his love for the single lady destiny denied him, the good Queen Khinti.
     With the exception of a unmarried slave lady, each prince and common, mercenary and scribe, princess and potentate chronicled in those pages truly lived, enjoyed and died approximately fourteen hundred years ahead of Christ. Now they stay back in I, the Sun.

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Download "333 bei Issos Keilerei" - Alexander der Große und die by Katharina Schmolke PDF

By Katharina Schmolke

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, notice: 2,5, Universität Rostock, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die Quellen, die uns zur Schlacht bei Issos überliefert sind, sind Sekundärquellen. Es liegen unsbdie Überlieferungen von Arrian, Curtius Rufus, Diodor und Plutarch vor.
Sie beschreiben den Hergang der Schlacht und die Umstände, aber weisen auch Unterschiede untereinander auf.
Arrian ist die sachlichste von allen überlieferten Quellen. Diodor hat in seiner Schrift etwas romanhaftes. Er stellt die heroischen Taten Alexanders mehr in den Vordergrund.

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Download Alexander of Macedon, 356–323 B.C.: A Historical Biography by Peter Green,Eugene N. Borza PDF

By Peter Green,Eugene N. Borza

till lately, well known biographers and so much students seen Alexander the nice as a genius with a plan, a romantic determine pursuing his imaginative and prescient of a united global. His dream used to be every now and then characterised as a benevolent curiosity within the brotherhood of guy, occasionally as a brute curiosity within the workout of energy. eco-friendly, a Cambridge-trained classicist who's additionally a novelist, portrays Alexander as either a fancy character and a single-minded normal, a guy able to such assorted expediencies as patricide or the bloodbath of civilians. eco-friendly describes his Alexander as "not in simple terms the main really good (and bold) box commander in background, but additionally supremely detached to all these administrative excellences and idealistic yearnings foisted upon him via later generations, specifically those that stumbled on the conqueror, tout courtroom, a bit demanding upon their liberal sensibilities."

This biography starts no longer with one of many universally recognized incidents of Alexander's existence, yet with an account of his father, Philip of Macedonia, whose many-territoried empire used to be the 1st at the continent of Europe to have an successfully centralized executive and armed forces. What Philip and Macedonia needed to provide, Alexander made his personal, yet Philip and Macedonia additionally made Alexander shape a big context for figuring out Alexander himself. but his origins and coaching don't absolutely clarify the fellow. After he used to be named hegemon of the Hellenic League, many philosophers got here to congratulate Alexander, yet one used to be conspicuous by means of his absence: Diogenes the Cynic, an ascetic who lived in a clay bathtub. Piqued and curious, Alexander himself visited the thinker, who, while requested if there has been something Alexander may well do for him, made the well-known answer, "Don't stand among me and the sun." Alexander's courtiers jeered, yet Alexander silenced them: "If I weren't Alexander, i might be Diogenes." This comment was once as unforeseen in Alexander because it will be in a contemporary leader.

For the overall reader, the booklet, redolent with gritty information and completely conscious of Alexander's darker aspect, deals a gripping story of Alexander's profession. complete backnotes, fourteen maps, and chronological and genealogical tables serve readers with extra really good interests.

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Download Slavery in the Late Roman World, AD 275-425 by Harper PDF

By Harper

Capitalizing at the wealthy old checklist of past due antiquity, and utilizing refined methodologies from social and fiscal heritage, this ebook reinterprets the tip of Roman slavery. Kyle Harper demanding situations conventional interpretations of a transition from antiquity to the center a while, arguing in its place deep divide runs via 'late antiquity', isolating the Roman slave approach from its early medieval successors. within the approach, he covers the industrial, social and institutional dimensions of historic slavery and provides the main accomplished analytical remedy of a pre-modern slave procedure now to be had. by way of scouring the past due vintage checklist, he has exposed a wealth of latest fabric, delivering clean insights into the traditional slave process, together with slavery's function in agriculture and cloth construction, its relation to sexual exploitation, and the dynamics of social honor. by way of demonstrating the power of slavery into the later Roman empire, the writer indicates that Christianity triumphed amidst a real slave society.

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Download Central Greece and the Politics of Power in the Fourth by John Buckler,Hans Beck PDF

By John Buckler,Hans Beck

The streams of Greek background within the fourth century are hugely arguable. Sandwiched among the Classical 5th century and the Hellenistic interval, the period has invited quite a few readings, so much prominently the decision of decrepitude and decline. fresh discoveries, besides the fact that, point out that the interval was once no longer easily illustrative of the political, social, and financial weaknesses of the Greek city-state. This ebook examines the fourth century from a space with its personal local dynamics: imperative Greece, a zone usually regarded as a backwater for macro-politics. The authors reveal a shiny rigidity among local politics in Boeotia and its adjoining territories and Greek affairs. they supply a meticulous and, from time to time, microscopic research into the region's army and political background, including unique analyses of the topography of the areas 'where background used to be made.' the result's a stunning account of Greece's strength transition concern at the eve of the Macedonian conquest.

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Download Edinburgh History of the Greeks, c. 500 to 1050 (The by Florin Curta PDF

By Florin Curta

This quantity lines the social, monetary and political historical past of the Greeks among 500 and 1050. It adopts an interdisciplinary method and makes use of archaeological facts, in addition to cash and seals, monetary records, medieval chronicles, and hagiographic literature to ascertain the improvement of Greek tradition within the early medieval interval. numerous issues give you the starting place for this quantity and run during the chapters; those contain the Balkan context, the Social position of the military and the Onset of monetary progress. specified recognition is paid to the scale of the economic climate in early medieval Greece. either the social and the industrial are privileged and analyzed jointly as integrally attached spheres of existence, therefore filling an incredible hole in latest literature in this period.

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Download True Jew: How Jesus Really Ended Up on a Roman Cross, How We by Leon Zitzer PDF

By Leon Zitzer

performed, performed, and performed. This e-book solves 3 vital difficulties: What position did Jewish leaders play within the demise of Jesus (it definitely wasn’t to assist Rome execute him)? What used to be Judas’ position (he definitely was once no traitor)? and the way does Barabbas healthy into this? those difficulties have been solved within the author’s past publication, The Ghost within the Gospels, yet the following much more facts is gifted and in a extra compact approach for a speedier trip. the 1st bankruptcy is a knock-out punch, proving it's totally very unlikely that Judas betrayed Jesus. now not basically inconceivable. most unlikely. completely. What Judas truly did awaits a later bankruptcy, after reviewing the ancient context from Josephus and the entire proof within the New testomony that exonerates Jewish leaders of any blame in Jesus’ dying. What has blinded us to the facts is theology: An obsession with surrounding Jesus with Jewish enemies and portraying him as an alien and risk to his personal tradition. natural theology. That’s all it ever was once. No sturdy development of proof within the Gospels ever supported it. may the good majority of students were fallacious approximately this for the final centuries? Yes.

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